The most sacred, best preserved, and most worshipped Buddha statue of Buddhism in the world today is the statue of Venerable Jowo Sakyamuni enshrined in the center of the Shakyamuni Buddha Hall of the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet. People respectfully call it Jowo Rinpoche. In Tibetan, "Jowo" means "supreme", "Rinpoche" means "treasure". It is also a rare art treasure.
Shakyamuni (623 BC-543 BC) is the founder of Buddhism. He was a prince of Kapilavastu in the north of ancient India (in what is now Nepal), named Gautama Siddhartha. According to Buddhist scriptures, at the age of 19, when Gautama Buddha felt the suffering of birth, old age, sickness, and death, he abandoned the royal life and became a monk. At the age of 35, he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree and founded Sangha, the earliest Buddhist community, then taught his teachings throughout the Ganges plain of northern and central India. At the age of 80, he attained Nirvana upon his death in Kushinagar. He was given the title Buddha Shakyamuni. Buddhism gradually divided into many schools in the later development.